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(Allen et al 1998)

Allen, R.G., L.S. Pereira, D. Raes, and Smith, M. 1998, Crop evapotranspiration: Guidelines for computing crop water requirements. Irr. & Drain. Paper 56. UN-FAO, Rome, Italy.

(American Meteorology Society 2000)

American Meteorology Society 2000. Glossary of Meteorology, 2nd edn,

(AMS Glossary, 2010)


(ANCID 2001)

Rural Water Industry Terminology and Units, (2nd ed.) by the Australian National Committee on Irrigation and Drainage (2001)

(anonymous 2009)

River Systems Project : RiverOperator/Manager (ROM) : Overview : Specification v1.0 (17/9/2009).

(Australian Bureau of Meteorology 2010)

(Bertsekas 1991)

Bertsekas, D.P. (1991) Linear Network Optimisation: Algorithms and Codes, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.

(Bertsekas, Tseng, 1994)

Bertsekas, D. P., Tseng, P. (1994) RELAX-IV a faster version of the RELAX code for solving minimum cost flow problems. MIT

(Betts, E 2009)

Includes alterations suggested by Emma Betts, September 2009.

(Betts, E 2012)

Includes terms suggested by Emma Betts, 2012.

(Beven 2004)

Beven, K. J. (2004) Rainfall-runoff modelling: the primer. John Wiley and Sons.

(Black 1996)

Black, P.E. 1996, Watershed hydrology, 2nd edn, CRC Press LLC. Florida.

(Black, D 2011)


(Borrelli 2003)

Borrelli, J. 2003, Evaporation from lakes and large bodies of water. In Encyclopedia of water science, Stewart, B. A. And Howell, T.A. (Eds), Marcell Dekker Inc, New York.

(Börjeson et al, 2005)

Börjeson L., Höjer M., Dreborg K., Ekvall T., Finnveden G. 2005. Towards a user's guide to scenarios—a report on scenario types and scenario techniques. Stockholm, Sweden: Royal Institute of Technology.

(Buchan 2003)

Buchan, G.D. 2003, Richard’s Equation, In Encyclopedia of water science, Stewart, B. A. And Howell, T.A. (Eds), Marcell Dekker Inc, New York.

(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2006)


(Cetin, L 2009-2010)

Includes alterations suggested by Lydia Cetin, 2009.

(Chiew 2002)

Chiew, F., Wang, Q. J., McConachy, F., James, R., Wright, W. and deHoedt, G. 2002, Evaporation Maps for Australia, Hydrology and Water Resources Symposium, Melbourne, 20-23 May.

(Clement 2011)

Clement, T. P, (2011) Complexities in hindcasting models – when should we say enough is enough? Ground Water 49 (5) 620-629.

(Cook, F 2010)

Includes alterations suggested by Freeman Cook, 2010

(Cotgreave and Forseth 2002)

Cotgreave, P. And Forseth, I. 2002, Introductory ecology, Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford.

(CRCCH 2005)

Cooperative Research Centre for Catchment Hydrology (c 2005) Series on model choice. 1: General approaches to modelling and practical issues of model choice.

(Davidson, Andrew 2013)

(Eggleton 2001)

Eggleton, R.A. 2001, The Regolith Glossary - surficial geology, soils and landscapes. CRC for Landscape Evolution & Mineral Exploration, Australia.

(EPA 1999)

Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Cth).

(eWater 2009)

Internal eWater documentation, 2009.

(eWater CRC 2008)

Source Catchments Component Models Reference, eWater Cooperative Research Centre, Canberra, Australia, 2008.

(eWater CRC 2010a)

Source Catchments Scientific Reference Guide, eWater Cooperative Research Centre, Canberra, Australia, 2010.

(eWater CRC 2010b)

Source Catchments User Guide, eWater Cooperative Research Centre, Canberra, Australia, 2010.

(eWater CRC 2010c)

Best Practice Model Development and Use in eWater CRC : Overview and Policy : Version 1.0 : May 2010, eWater Cooperative Research Centre, Canberra, Australia.

(eWater 2012)

Source Scientific Reference Guide, eWater Ltd, Canberra, Australia, 2012.

(Gilfedder et al, 2012)

Gilfedder, M., Rassam, D.W., Stenson, M.P., Jolly, I.D., Walker, G.R. and Littleboy, M., 2012, Incorporating land-use changes and surface-groundwater interactions in a simple catchment water yield model (unpublished as at 23/2/12).

(Gilmore et al 2008)

Gilmore R., Kuczera G., Penton D., Podger G, River Systems functionality specification: Optimised Multiple Supply Modelling : Multiple paths and/or multiple storages, Aug 2008, eWater CRC.

(Good & Hardin 2006)

P.I. Good and J.W. Hardin (2006) Common Errors in Statistics (and How to Avoid Them) 2nd Edition. John Wiley: New York. ISBN: 978-0-471-79431-8

(Gordon et al 2004)

Gordon, N. D. McMahon, T. A., Finlayson, B.L., Gippel, C. J. and Nathan, R. J. 2004, Stream hydrology: an introduction for ecologists, 2nd edn, John Wiley and Sons Ltd, West Sussex.

(Grayson and Bloschl, 2001)

Spatial Patterns in Catchment Hydrology: Observations and Modelling. Edited by Rodger Grayson and Günter Blöschl.

(Greer, M 2009)

Includes alterations suggested by Maria Greer, 2009.

(Hardy 2009)

Hardy. M.J. (2009) Integrated Urban Water Management and the urban Cycle Modelling Framework. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia.

(Hill and Tiedeman, 2007)


(Holz, 2010)

Holz, L. River Manager Overview. 5 August 2010.

(Huggett 2007)

Huggett, R.J. 2007, Fundamentals of geomorphology, 2nd edn, Routledge, New York.

(James & Burgess 1982)

James, L. D. and Burgess, S. J. (1982) Selection, calibration and testing of hydrologic models. In: Haan, C. T., Johnson, H. P. and Brakensiek, D. L. (eds) Hydrologic modelling of small watershed. American Society of Agriculture Engineers.

(Jolly, I 2012)


(Jordan, P 2010)

Includes alterations suggested by Phillip Jordan, 2010.

(Ladson, T 2011)


(Madsen et al, 2002)

Madsen, H., Wilson, G. and Ammentorp, H. C. (2002) Comparison of different automated strategies for calibration of rainfall-runoff models. Journal of Hydrology 261:48-59

(Merritt, Letcher, Jakeman 2003)

Merritt, W. S., R. A. Letcher and A. J. Jakeman (2003). "A review of erosion and sediment transport models." Environmental Modelling & Software 18: 761-799.

(Moore 2004)

Moore, B. 2004 (editor), The Australian Oxford Dictionary, 2nd edn, Oxford University Press, Melbourne.

(Morton 1993)

Morton, A. (1993). Mathematical models: Questions of trustworthiness. Brit. J. Phil. Soc. 44:659-674.

(National Performance Framework 2006)

National Performance Framework: 2006 urban performance reporting indicators and definitions.

(National Performance Framework 2006-07)

National Performance Framework: 2006-07 Rural Water Performance Reporting Indicators and Definitions

(NWC 2007)

National Water Commission : Water Dictionary 2007

(PMI 2008)

Project Management Institute Standards Committee (2008) Project Management Body of Knowledge 4th edition Project Management Institute ISBN: 9781933890517

(Podger 2009)

River Systems: An introduction to river systems modelling. eWater Cooperative Research Centre, Canberra.

(Podger 2011)

"SourceSRGTOC_podger.docx". Internal document.

(Podger, G 2010)

Includes alterations suggested by Geoff Podger, 2010

(Productivity Commission 2006)

Productivity Commission 2006, Rural Water Use and the : The Role of Market Mechanisms, Research Report, Melbourne, August.

(Rayner 2005)

Rayner, D.P. 2005, Australian synthetic daily Class A pan evaporation, Queensland Department of Natural Resources and Mines.

(Refsgaard et al, 2005a)

Refsgaard, J.C., Henriksen, H.J., Harrar, W.G., Scholten, H., Kassahun, A. (2005a) Quality assurance in model based water management – review of existing practice and outline of new approaches. Environmental Modelling & Software, 20: 1201–1215. doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2004.07.006.

(Refsgaard et al, 2005b)

Refsgaard, J.C., van der Sluijs, J.P., Højberg, A.J., and Vanrolleghem, P.A. (2005b) Harmoni-CA Guidance: Uncertainty Analysis. Harmoni-CA Guidance 1. European Commission Contract no: EVK1-2001-00192. Available at:

(Ribbons, C 2011)

Based on a personal conversation between Dugald Black and Chris Ribbons at NOW to confirm suspicions regarding the arrangement in use in unregulated systems in NSW (and the Barwon-Darling particularly).

(Rivlin 2003)

Rivlin, T. J. 2003, An introduction to the approximation of functions, Dover Publications, Mineola, NY.

(Ross 2005)

Ross, S. M. 2005, Introductory statistics, 2nd edn, Elsevier Inc., U.S.A.

(Shaw 1994)

Shaw, E.M. 1994, Hydrology in Practice, 3rd edn, Chapman and Hall, London.

(Sinclair, Knight, Merz 2006)

Stocktake and Analysis of Australia’s Water Accounting Practice, Sinclair Knight Merz, 2006.

(Soil Science Society of America 2008)

Soil Science Society of America, 2008, Glossary of soil science terms 2008, Soil Science Society of America Inc, Madison, WI.

(Stanley, K. 2007)

Stanley, K. 2007, “Glossary”, QLD Natural Resources & Mines. Retrieved 20090514 from SharePoint: [RiverSystems, Shared Documents, Terminologies, Qld. Report Glossary 20070315.doc].

(Stein 1999)

Stein, M.L. 1999, Interpolation of spatial data: some theory for kriging, Springer-Verlag, New York.

(Stewardson and Marsh 2004)

Stewardson, M. and Marsh, N. 2004, Hydraulic Analysis Module: River Analysis Package. Cooperative Research Centre for Catchment Hydrology, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

(Stolp 1996)

Stolp, H. 1996, Microbial ecology: organisms, habitats, activities, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

(Subramanya 2008)

Subramanya, K. 2008, Engineering Hydrology, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd, New Delhi, India.

(toolkit 20091023)

Term harvested from as at 23 October 2009.


Glossary of Frequently Used Modeling Terms, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2008. available at

(Victorian Water Accounts 2008-2009)

2008-2009 Victorian Water Accounts:

(Ward and Robinson 1990)

Ward, R.C. and Robinson, M. 1990, Principles of Hydrology, 3rd edn, McGraw-Hill, Maidenhead, England.

(Ward and Trimble 2004)

Ward, A. D. And Trimble, S. W. 2004, Environmental Hydrology, 2nd edn, CRC Press LLC, Florida.

(Welsh, Podger 2008)

Welsh W.D. and Podger G.M. 2008. Australian Hydrological Modelling Initiative: River System Management Tool (AHMI: RSMT) functionality specifications. eWater Technical Report. eWater Cooperative Research Centre, Canberra.

(Wilkinson, S 2010)

Includes alterations suggested by Scott Wilkinson, 2010

(WMO 2008)

Guide to Hydrological Practices. Volume I: Hydrology – From Measurement to Hydrological Information. WMO No. 168. 6th ed. World Meteorological Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland. ISBN 978-92-63-10168-6.

(WMO 2009)

Guide to Hydrological Practices. Volume II: Management of Water Resources and Application of Hydrological Practices. WMO No. 168. 6th ed. World Meteorological Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland. ISBN 978-92-63-10168-6.


Any shortened form of a word or a phrase.


An abbreviation, usually of a phrase, formed from a string of one or more letters taken from the expanded form, which is pronounceable, and which is usually uttered in its pronounceable form.

Australian Capital Terriroty


Australian Water Resources 2005


awaiting definition

Terms with this attribute are awaiting definition.

awaiting source

Terms with this attribute are awaiting a source.

Chemical Symbol


definition under discussion

The definitions for terms with this attribute are under discussion and subject to change.

eWater CRC

eWater Cooperative Research Centre — a joint venture made up of 45 of Australia's leading water-cycle management, consulting and research organisations, supported by the Australian Government's Cooperative Research Centres Program.


An abbreviation, usually of a phrase, formed from a string of one or more letters taken from the expanded form, which is either not pronounceable, or is pronounceable but is not usually uttered in its pronounceable form. For example, while “ACT” for “Australian Capital Territory” is pronounceable as the word “act”, it is usually uttered as its three distinct letters.

Macquarie Dictionary



Murray-Darling Basin Authority

National Water Initiative


New South Wales


Northern Territory




Ramsar Convention

Ramsar Convention (Convention on Wetlands of International Importance).

River Systems specification

The source for this term is a River Systems specification document. Rather than cite individual specifications separately, this source tag covers all such specifications, whether released or otherwise.

Source Catchments subset


Source Scientific Reference Guide

Source Scientific Reference Guide (unpublished).

Source subset

Source subset is a flag indicating that the associated term should form part of any Moodle Glossary Subset associated with Source (aka Source Rivers aka River Manager).

South Australia






Water Act 2007


Water Resources Observation Network


Western Australia