Note: This is documentation for version 4.9 of Source. For a different version of Source go to the Space Directory.
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The following nodes are not available in Source (public version): Off-allocation and Transfer Ownership.

Nodes represent places where actions or measurements occur in a river system, where water can be added, extracted, stored, recorded, or change ownership in a model. A node can be used to represent things that actually happen over a large physical area but that, for modelling purposes, occur at a single point. In sub-catchments, they provide a position in the catchment network where water management information can be placed. In Source, nodes are depicted using the icons shown in Figure 1.

Note: This section describes how nodes can be configured in Source. For the scientific background behind their operation, refer to the Source Scientific Reference Guide.

This section outlines how to work with nodes in Source. Some actions can be duplicated for links.

To add a node to a model, either:

  • Drag the appropriate type of node from the Node Palette and drop it onto the Schematic Editor; or
  • Right-click on the Schematic Editor and choose the appropriate node from the Add menu.
Note: Once added to a scenario, nodes can be viewed and their parameters edited using Feature Table.

About Links

Links connect nodes in Source - they link, store and route water passing between nodes. Nodes are connected using links only, and two links cannot be connected to each other without an intervening node.

A reach refers to a stretch of river, or physical section, between an upstream and downstream location. A link, on the other hand, is a logical connection within a river systems model. Routing describes the change in timing and shape of flow as water moves down a river.

Links (or reaches) can have routing configured on them. For links (or reaches) that do not have routing configured, they are used to define the order of execution in the model.

Note: Throughout this document, unless explicitly stated otherwise, the term routing means hydrologic routing, not hydraulic routing.

Links are categorised as either:

  • Vertical - used to connect most nodes. The first four types of links in Table 1 are all vertical; or
  • Horizontal (or wetland links) - used to connect the Wetlands Hydraulic Connector node (source) and the Storage node (target) only. The presence of a horizontal link at a storage node indicates that the storage is behaving as a wetland. Figure 2 shows an example of a horizontal link.

The Node Connection Matrix shows the types of links created when you connect different nodes.

Table 1. Link types in Source
Type of linkUsed to connectRepresentation in Schematic EditorExample
Demand linkSupply point (source) and water user (target) nodes onlyRed, dashed line

Lagged flow routingVarious nodesBlack line, with alternating dots and dashes

Storage routingVarious nodesBlack, solid line

Straight through routingVarious nodesBlack, dashed line

Wetland link (Horizontal)Wetlands Hydraulic Connector node (source) and the Storage node (target) onlyGreen, solid lineShown in Figure 2

Using links in Source

Once links have been added a model, you can edit several attributes in a similar fashion as for nodes:

Note: Once added to a scenario, links can be viewed and their parameters edited using The Feature Table.

Adding links to a model

To add a link to a model, first refer to Figure 1 which defines the terminology. To create the link:

  • Position the mouse cursor over the upstream node;
  • Click and hold on one of its downstream connectors and start dragging;
  • When you start dragging the mouse cursor, candidate targets are displayed (as large icons) for the upstream connector of a downstream node; and
  • Release the mouse and the link will ‘snap’ into place.

For horizontal links, the node connectors appear on the left and right side, instead of above and below the nodes. Click and drag these connectors together as described above. You can also drag the link vertically once it has been created by clicking on the red dot. This appears in the centre of the link when you click on the link. 

You can disconnect and reconnect a link between nodes rather than having to delete and re-add it using the Allow Link Dragged button in the Schematic Editor options toolbar. Note that not all links can be connected to all types of nodes, and specific nodes require certain links. Refer to Types of link routing for more detail.

You can set the elevation for a link using the Location Control window.

Note: While it is usual to use zero storage as the reference point for the elevation of a link or node, there is no convention for a link as to whether that should be at the start or end of the reach, or some point in between. Source has no mechanism for indicating the fall across a reach.

Node and link default names

Whenever a node or link is created, it is given a default name in the pattern:

type #

where "type" is the type of node or link and "#" is a number which increases monotonically during the life of the schematic. 

Note: The view of this name can be toggled using the Schematic Editor options toolbar.

Node connections

Nodes can be joined to each other, links between nodes will vary depending on the nodes being connected. For example, a wetland conveyance link will occur when a storage node is linked to a wetland connector. 

Changing the name of a node or link only alters it in the scenario that you changed it in. A change in one scenario does not propagate to others; they are not linked in any way. You can change the name of a node or link using one of the following methods:

  • To make the Project Explorer visible, choose View » Project Explorer or click its equivalent on the toolbar. In the Project Hierarchy, click the node or link to select it, pause, and click a second time. The name will be prepared for editing (Figure 3). Type the new name and press return; or
  • Right-click the node or link in the schematic and choose Rename. The name will be prepared for editing. Type the new name in the field, then press Enter.

Note: Source does not support duplicate names for nodes or links and will warn you if there is one. You must ensure that the names you choose are unique to the scenario.

Use the feature editor of a node/link to configure its parameters, as well as edit them. Refer to About feature editors.

Note: In a catchments scenario, all nodes are, by default, confluence nodes, so every node ever created will be, at least, a confluence.

The Find panel allows you to search for specific nodes and links within open scenarios. Press Ctrl+F to open the Find panel (Figure 4) and enter any part of the element's name as a search term. The result set indicates the scenario containing the node/link along with its type. This is useful when you are working with very large scenarios.

You can copy and paste a selection of nodes and/or links within or between scenarios in the same project.  For multiple component selection, you can click and drag to draw a rectangle over the region with your mouse. Right click and choose Copy. To paste the selection, right click on the Schematic Editor and choose Paste. To duplicate an entire scenario see Projects and scenarios - Copying a scenario.

Be aware of the following when copying some parts of a scenario.

  • For copying within a single scenario:
    • Copied components are given unique names.
    • Functions and variables are not duplicated. The function will list both original and copied components as usages.
  • For copying between scenarios:
    • Both functions and modelled variables are copied across, but the copy must also contain any nodes that the modelled variable points to.
    • Copied functions will be pasted into a new folder named From<OrginatingScenarioName>. This is to prevent duplicate function names by giving them a unique absolute path.
    • Functions that are not used by a component are not copied across, even if Force Evaluate is on.
    • Restriction curves are not copied across.
    • If a water user node with configured crop type(s) is copied, the corresponding crop parameter(s) will also be copied across.
    • Scenario options are at the scenario level, so are not copied. To maintain settings of nodes and links that are affected by scenario options (eg. the Storage Processing Method), ensure both originating and destination scenarios have the same scenario option configuration before copying and pasting. 
    • To copy constituents and their uses across, first create constituents of the same names in the destination scenario.
    • For scenario input sets with data sources assigned to copied network components, both the originating and destination scenarios can have different input sets. But, only data sources related to matching scenario input sets will be copied when you copy across.
  • Suppose an execution order rule involves two nodes. Copying and pasting both these nodes within or between scenarios will copy the execution order rule.
  • Resource assessment systems are not copied within or between scenarios. 
  • A copied scenario transfer node will lack connection to the original partner node when pasted within or between scenarios.

Deleting nodes can be achieved simply by selecting the node and pressing the delete key, or by right-clicking it and choosing Delete from the contextual menu. Deleting a link removes only the link. Deleting a node removes both the node and any links that were attached to the node.

Note: Deleting a node will cause loss of any data associated with that node, as well as any links connecting to or from it. A delete operation cannot be undone. You must recreate the link or node.

You can add a text-based message or note to a node or link. Refer to About notes for more information on notes.

Note: You can only add a note for a link that has been configured for storage routing.

To add (or edit) a note:

  • Open the feature editor;
  • Right click on the icon (of the node or link); and
  • Choose Add Note (or Edit Note) from the contextual menu.

Figure 5 shows how to follow this procedure for an inflow node.

Individual nodes can be rotated, once they are present in the Schematic editor. First, select the node. Then, click on the green dot and rotate the node to your desired position.